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Guidelines for Selecting Stainless Steel

As the foremost stainless steel manufacturer in Perth, we would like to provide a short guide to make it easier when selecting stainless steel grades. Stainless steel is the engineering material of choice for many applications because it is strong, easy to fabricate and resistant to corrosion. Here are the four basic guidelines that are used when selecting stainless steel.

Guidelines for Selecting Stainless Steel

Corrosion or Heat Resistance

These are the most important considerations. They are the main reasons to use stainless steel over other materials in an industrial setting. It is crucial to know the environment in which the material will be used; this will help the stainless steel manufacturer know the degree of corrosion resistance and heat resistance that is needed.

Mechanical Properties

The most important property is strength, taken at room temperature, extreme heat and extreme cold. The combination of strength and corrosion resistance is usually the main criterion for selection.

Fabrication Operations

The next consideration is how the product is made or fabricated. This starts with forging and proceeds to machining, then to forming and welding. These all factor into the fourth consideration.

Cost

Many factors go into the cost of any stainless steel product. The grade of stainless steel used and the cost of production are main considerations. Other considerations include the longer life cycle and lower maintenance costs of stainless steel over other materials. All of these are factored together and weighed against other products that may have a lower initial cost but as little as a third of the life expectancy.

Why so Many Choices?

Any iron based alloy with more than 10.5% chromium is considered “stainless steel.” Austenitic 300 series stainless steel also contains nickel, while the 200 series contains nickel and manganese.

Ferritic 400 series stainless steel is a “straight chromium” stainless steel. Martensitic stainless steel is also a straight chromium alloy. Precipitation hardening stainless steel contains chromium and nickel. Duplex stainless steel contains austenite and ferrite in approximately equal parts.

Call Western Stainless Solutions today for more information: 1300 794 647.

Grade 304 Stainless Steel: Uses in the Medical Industry

As a WA stainless steel product manufacturer, we have provided custom design stainless steel installation for a number of industries. These include: mining, hospitality, commercial and mechanical applications. However, many of the most common applications of stainless steel are in the medical industry.

Uses Of Stainless Steel In The Medical Industry

Why Stainless Steel?

The medical industry has the most stringent standards of sanitation in design and execution. Due to the prevalence of medical malpractice lawsuits, anything that comes into contact with patients in any way or that is surgically implanted into their bodies must be 100% sanitary and must work perfectly 100% of the time.

Stainless steel is the best material for a host of medical applications because of its versatility and the difficulty that microorganisms have colonising on its surface. Consequently, stainless steel is ubiquitous in the manufacture of medical devices. Grade 304 stainless steel is the grade most commonly used.

Characteristics of Grade 304 Stainless Steel in Medical Devices

Grade 304 stainless steel has a low carbon content and high corrosion resistance. It doesn’t react chemically to sanitation or sterilisation products, human bodily tissue or repetitive wear and tear. This makes it ideal for paramedics, hospitals and surgery.

Grade 304 is strong and durable but also highly workable. This makes it a great material for sinks, pans, bowls, hollow ware and other medical vessels. Due to its low yield strength and high potential for elongation, grade 304 stainless steel is easily formed into complex shapes without going through the process of annealing.

Uses for Grade 304 Stainless Steel

Uses for grade 304 stainless steel include: orthopaedic implants, precision stainless steel tubing, bone fixation, artificial heart valves, containers for chemicals and other hazardous materials, tools, wires, curettes, plates, prostheses, screws, syringes, needles, catheters and sensor probes. Office uses include sinks, tables, bowls, knives and trays.

Western Stainless Solutions

At Western Stainless Solutions, we can manufacture bespoke solutions for all of your medical needs. Call us today for a consultation: 1300 794 647.

Why Stainless Steel is Crucial for Hygiene in Commercial Kitchens

As one of the most prolific stainless steel manufacturers and suppliers in Perth, we find ourselves providing bespoke solutions for a lot of kitchens. Stainless steel is the hygienic standard for kitchens because it is the best material that can be realistically used to build sinks, tables, benches and shelving. Other than using a grossly expensive metal such titanium, stainless steel is the surface that is the easiest to keep sanitary.

Stainless Steel is Crucial for Hygiene in Commercial Kitchens

In a restaurant or commercial kitchen, sanitation is important to prevent foodborne illnesses. It is also important to prevent food from being cross-contaminated by other substances. Stainless steel is so hygienic because it is easy to clean thoroughly. Stainless steel doesn’t have any pores, making it virtually impossible for dirt, bacteria, fungi or viruses to gain a “foothold.”

This quality is often referred to as “cleanability.” The cleanability of stainless steel is roughly equivalent to that of china or glass. It is far superior to materials such as plastic, earthenware or aluminium. When all of this is put together, you get a surface that provides aesthetics, economy, durability and flavour protection.

Stainless steel is so effective for food applications that it is rapidly becoming the material of choice for food containers in rural areas of countries with developing economies. Often, food is stored in the open and sold in the streets, exposing it to dust and other air pollutants. Stainless steel containers help control and minimise health risks.

Its resistance to corrosion not only makes it last a long time but also reinforces its non-porous nature. While stainless steel is a durable and sturdy surface, it is also soft enough that it can be easily formed into whatever piece of equipment is necessary.

Call Western Stainless Solutions Today

Western Stainless Solutions can manufacture stainless steel kitchen equipment to your specifications. For a site visit and an estimate or for more information, call us today: 1300 794 647.

Know the Difference: Distinguishing 304 Stainless Steel from 316 Stainless Steel

To a busy executive or project manager who is paid to get things done, the difference between 304 stainless steel and 316 stainless steel is often a question to leave to those in the engineering department. However, for those who can take a few moments out of their busy days, here is a guide on the differences between 304 stainless steel and 316 stainless steel.

Distinguishing 304 Stainless Steel from 316 Stainless Steel

Composition

The differences start in the composition: 316 stainless steel is composed of 16% chromium, 10% nickel and 2% molybdenum. 304 stainless steel is composed of 18% chromium and 8% nickel. The addition of molybdenum to 316 makes it more resistant to corrosion from chlorides such as de-icing salts or sea water, which also contains salt.

304 Stainless Steel

Due to its low carbon content and the presence of chromium and nickel, 304 stainless steel is the most popular and versatile of the austenitic variety of stainless steel. It is very resistant to oxidation and other corrosive agents and has proven to be a durable alloy. It is easy to fabricate, easy to clean and helps prevent contamination of food products.

304 stainless steel can handle a variety of finishes, creating a wide assortment of appearances. 304 stainless steel is most often used in kitchen equipment, corrosion-resistant electrical enclosures, piping, pressure vessels, storage tanks, stainless hardware, exhaust manifolds, auto molding and auto trim.

316 Stainless Steel

316 stainless steel is also an austenitic combination of chromium and nickel. It provides superior heat resistance and corrosion resistance, especially from salts such as brine or seawater. The presence of molybdenum also provides more resistance to corrosive chemicals.

In particular, 316 stainless steel is used in applications involving chlorides, sulfuric acid, bromides, fatty acids and iodides. 316 stainless steel is also very heat-resistant. It is also used in the creation of many pharmaceuticals to prevent them from metallic contamination.

316 is more expensive but its corrosion resistance can make it a long-term money-saver.

Western Stainless Solutions

Whatever the application or need, Western Stainless Solutions has a solution for you. We offer bespoke solutions for all industries in WA where stainless steel may be required. No matter how large the project or construction, we are there for you.

Call 1300 794 647 to learn more.